EarthTalk
How big is yours?

Footprint: Photo by Getty Images

Dear EarthTalk: How can I measure -- and then improve -- my overall "carbon footprint?" What are the major areas of one's daily life that one measures? -- Andy Fusco, Passaic, NJ

With global warming dominating so many headlines today, it's no surprise that many of us are looking to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases our activities produce.

By assessing how much pollution each of your individual actions generates -- be it setting your thermostat, shopping for groceries, commuting to work or flying somewhere for vacation -- you can begin to see how changing a few habits here and there can significantly reduce your overall carbon footprint. Luckily for those of us who want to see how we measure up, there are a number of free online carbon footprint calculators to help figure out just where to start changing.

One of the best is the University of California at Berkeley's Cool Climate Calculator. The free web-based tool takes into account daily driving mileage and grocery and electricity expenses, among other factors, to assign a carbon score, which users can compare to similar households across the 28 largest urban areas in the U.S. Some of the results are surprising. For example, residents of eco-aware San Francisco tend to have bigger carbon footprints than those in more conservative Tampa, Florida. The reason: San Francisco has a higher cost of living and colder, wetter winters (requiring more fossil-fuel derived heat).

Another great carbon footprint calculator is available at EarthLab.com, an online "climate crisis community" that has partnered with Al Gore's Alliance for Climate Protection and other high-profile groups, companies and celebrities to spread the word that individual actions can make a difference in the fight against global warming. Users just take a three-minute survey and get back a carbon footprint score, which they can save and update as they work to reduce their impact. The site provides some 150 lifestyle change suggestions that will cut carbon emissions -- from hanging your clothes to dry, to sending postcards instead of letters, to taking the bike instead of the car to work a few days a week.

"Our calculator is an important first step in educating people about where they are, then raising their awareness about what they can do to make easy, simple changes that will lower their score and positively impact the planet," says Anna Rising, EarthLab's executive director. "Our goal isn't about convincing you to buy a hybrid or retrofit your house with solar panels; our goal is to introduce you to easy, simple ways that you as an individual can reduce your carbon footprint."

Other websites, green groups and corporations, including CarbonFootprint.com, CarbonCounter.org, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy and British oil giant BP, among others, also offer carbon calculators on their websites. And CarbonFund.org even allows you to assess your carbon footprint—and then offers you the ability to offset such emissions by investing in clean energy initiatives.

dominate
vt.
1. 支配,統治,控制
2. 在...中佔主要地位
3. 高聳於,俯視
vi.
1. 處於支配地位,擁有壓倒優勢[(+over)]
2. 處於較高的位置,高聳
 
assess
vt.
1. (為徵稅)估定(財產)的價值[(+at)]
2. 確定(稅、罰款、賠償金等)的金額
3. 對(某人、財產等)徵稅;處(某人)以罰金;命(某人)支付某種費用[(+on/upon)]
4. 徵(稅);處(罰款)
5. 對...進行估價,評價
 
thermostat
n.
1. 自動調溫器,恆溫器
2. 溫變自動啟閉裝置
 
urban
a.
1. 城市的;居住在城市的[B]
 
conservative
a.
1. 保守的,守舊的
2. 傳統的,老式的
3. 穩當的,謹慎的;有意壓低的
4. (大寫)(英國,加拿大等)保守黨的
5. 防腐的,有保存力的
n.[C]
1. 保守者,守舊者
2. (大寫)(英國,加拿大等)保守黨黨員(或支持者)
3. 防腐劑
 
derived
vt.
1. 取得,得到[(+from)]
2. 衍生出,導出[(+from)]
3. 引申出,推知[(+from)]
vi.
1. 起源,由來[(+from)]
2. 衍生,導出[(+from)]
 
hybrid
n.[C]
1. (動植物的)雜種;混血兒
2. 混合源物;合成物;混合詞
a.
1. 雜種的;混合而成的
 
retrofit
n.
1. (飛機等的)式樣翻新
vt.
1. 對...作翻新改進

initiative
n.
1. 主動的行動;倡議[C]
2. 首創精神;進取心[U]
3. 主動權[the S]
4. 【律】創制權,提議權[the S]
a.
1. 開始的;初步的;創始的

digibravo 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()